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Computerized segmentation of whole-body bone scintigrams and its use in automated diagnostics

Luka Šajn and Matjaž Kukar and Igor Kononenko and Metka Milčinski (2005) Computerized segmentation of whole-body bone scintigrams and its use in automated diagnostics. Computer methods and programs in biomedicine . pp. 47-55. ISSN 0169-2607

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    Bone scintigraphy or whole-body bone scan is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in nuclear medicine used in the last 25 years. Pathological conditions, technically poor image resolution and artifacts necessitate that algorithms use su±cient background knowledge of anatomy and spatial relations of bones in order to work satisfactorily. A robust knowledge based methodology for detecting reference points of the main skeletal regions that is simultaneously applied on anterior and posterior whole-body bone scintigrams is presented. Expert knowledge is represented as a set of parameterized rules which are used to support standard image processing algorithms. Our study includes 467 consecutive, non-selected scintigrams, which is, to our knowledge the largest number of images ever used in such studies. Automatic analysis of whole-body bone scans using our segmentation algorithm gives more accurate and reliable results than previous studies. Obtained reference points are used for automatic segmentation of the skeleton, which is applied to automatic (machine learning) or manual (expert physicians) diagnostics. Preliminary experiments show that an expert system based on machine learning closely mimics the results of expert physicians.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: whole-body bone scintigraphy, reference point detection, automatic segmentation, image processing, machine learning
    Related URLs:
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    http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=search&base=50070&select=(id=5021524)Alternative location
    Institution: University of Ljubljana
    Department: Faculty of Computer and Information Science
    Divisions: Faculty of Computer and Information Science > Computer Vision Laboratory
    Item ID: 1142
    Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2010 11:10
    Last Modified: 10 Dec 2013 13:55
    URI: http://eprints.fri.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/1142

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