Zheng Wang and Melis Kayikci and Michael Briese and Kathi Zarnack and Nicholas M Luscombe and Gregor Rot and Blaz Zupan and Tomaz Curk and Jernej Ule (2010) iCLIP predicts the dual splicing effects of TIA-RNA interactions. PLoS Biology, 8 (10). e1000530.
The regulation of alternative splicing involves interactions between RNA-binding proteins and pre-mRNA positions close to the splice sites. T-cell intracellular antigen 1 (TIA1) and TIA1-like 1 (TIAL1) locally enhance exon inclusion by recruiting U1 snRNP to 5' splice sites. However, effects of TIA proteins on splicing of distal exons have not yet been explored. We used UV-crosslinking and immunoprecipitation (iCLIP) to find that TIA1 and TIAL1 bind at the same positions on human RNAs. Binding downstream of 5' splice sites was used to predict the effects of TIA proteins in enhancing inclusion of proximal exons and silencing inclusion of distal exons. The predictions were validated in an unbiased manner using splice-junction microarrays, RT-PCR, and minigene constructs, which showed that TIA proteins maintain splicing fidelity and regulate alternative splicing by binding exclusively downstream of 5' splice sites. Surprisingly, TIA binding at 5' splice sites silenced distal cassette and variable-length exons without binding in proximity to the regulated alternative 3' splice sites. Using transcriptome-wide high-resolution mapping of TIA-RNA interactions we evaluated the distal splicing effects of TIA proteins. These data are consistent with a model where TIA proteins shorten the time available for definition of an alternative exon by enhancing recognition of the preceding 5' splice site. Thus, our findings indicate that changes in splicing kinetics could mediate the distal regulation of alternative splicing.
|Item Type: ||Article|
|Related URLs: |
|Institution: ||University of Ljubljana|
|Department: ||Faculty of Computer and Information Science|
|Divisions: ||Faculty of Computer and Information Science > Bioinformatics Laboratory|
|Item ID: ||1259|
|Date Deposited: ||09 Jan 2011 17:46|
|Last Modified: ||13 Aug 2011 00:38|
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